Completed in 1888, the Texas State Capitol is the home to the offices and chambers of the Texas Legislature and the Governor’s Office. Standing at an impressive 308 feet tall, the Texas State Capitol is the sixth tallest in the nation, and is taller than the United State Capitol. Designed by architect Elijah E. Myers, it is designed in the Italian Renaissance Revival style.
Before construction could begin, the land in Austin, TX needed to be secured. On February 15, 1876 the legislature approved one of the largest barter transactions in recorded history. John and Charles Farwell, also known as the Capitol Syndicate, received more than three million acres of land in the Panhandle of Texas in exchange for the land where the Capitol now sits. The land in the Panhandle later became the largest cattle ranch in the world, the XIT Ranch.
The Capitol is located four blocks south of the University of Texas at Austin, and is contained within twenty-two acres. There are seventeen monuments on the grounds, commemorating everything from the Alamo to the Texas Rangers to Vietnam Veterans. There is also plenty of green space and tree-lined pathways for visitors to explore and enjoy.
The Texas State Capitol is open to visitors year round and should be on the must visit destinations for visitors to the Austin area. To see more photos of the Capitol, the gallery is here.